I recently found out that I have Hypothyroidism, and after conducting a Google search on the topic (I know, bad idea), I quickly became confused and overwhelmed considering I was unsure of what the difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism was. I decided to compose a post explaining what the difference is between these two types of thyroid disorders in order to provide some clarification for any other individual who may be confused about the two, as I was.
To begin, let’s discuss what exactly your thyroid is. The thyroid gland is an organ that is situated in the front of the neck. It releases hormones that are in control of metabolism, breathing, heart rate, the nervous system, weight and body temperature.
The thyroid is pretty busy.
Hypothyroidism occurs when then thyroid fails to produce enough hormones, specifically the thyroid hormone. When the thyroid is slacking and does not produce enough hormones for the requirements of the body, the metabolism tends to slow down and can result in numerous problems, some examples of said problems being fatigue, sluggishness, irritability, depression, sensitivity to cold, hoarseness of the voice, acne and weight gain.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces a surplus of the thyroid hormone. When the thyroid creates an abundance of this hormone in the body, the metabolism tends to quicken its pace in order to process the excess of the thyroid hormone, creating changes in the body such as anxiety, rapid heartbeat, hand tremors, difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep, excessive sweating and weight loss.
According to healthline.com, Hypothyroidism tends to be more prevalent in the United States than Hyperthyroidism, however often times individuals experience either disorder unconsciously. If you feel as though you may be experiencing symptoms of either disorder, consult with your doctor and determine a plan of action in order to move forward and diagnose the issue.