As I mentioned in my former post about punctuation and proper use in the English language, there are a lot more forms of punctuation than we arguably realize. Most of us, when we think of punctuation, consider more common forms of it, for example, periods, exclamation points and question marks. But, as anyone who knows the English language is aware, English is sort of fucked in terms of its endless stipulations and quirks, and punctuation is no exception.
Let’s take a look at some more, shall we?
- An apostrophe can be used to indicate possession or ownership, and also to break down other words into a shorter version → ‘
- For example, “My sister’s dog”
- For example, “Weren’t” (instead of were not)
- A dash can be used in place of a comma or a colon to add intensity or make a sentence easier to read visually → –
- For example, “My knee is bothering me lately – it is quite swollen.”
- An ellipse is used to indicate the intentional removal of words from a sentence → …
- For example, “Today … three men were arrested” instead of “Today, May 22, 2022, three men were arrested.”
- Brackets are used to separate non-essential information from essential information in text → ( )
- For example, “She said (quite rudely) that she doesn’t know where he is.”
- Quotation marks are used to signify that you are citing or referencing information or material that is not your own; it is someone else’s words and/or learnings → “
- The double quotation mark is standard for citing someone else’s work. But there’s also the single quotation mark: ‘. The single quotation mark is used when you’re referencing a quote inside of a quote.
There are a few more I am failing to mention, but in my opinion, they are ones that most of us don’t use nor need to understand. I’m trying to keep confusion to a minimum.